Alstroemeria, commonly called the Peruvian Lily or Lily of the Incas or Parrot Lily is a South American genus of about 50 species of flowering plants, mainly from cool, mountainous regions in the Andes. Alstroemeria flower is symbolic of wealth, prosperity and fortune. It is also the flower of friendship.
Some Interesting Facts About Alstroemeria
- Alstroemeria flowers bloom during late spring or early summer.
- Alstroemeria come in orange, pink, rose, purple, red, yellow, white or salmon colours.
- Alstroemeria is named after the Swedish botanist Klas von Alstroemer, who was a pupil of the great botanical classifier Linnaeus.
- The genus Alstroemeria consists of about 50 species.
- Most modern hybrid Alstroemeria plants are propagated in a laboratory.
- Many hybrids and about 190 cultivars of Alstroemeria have been developed, with different markings and colours, ranging from white, golden yellow, orange, to apricot, pink, red, purple and lavender.
- Alstroemeria flowers have no fragrance.
- Alstroemeria flowers have a vase life of about two weeks.
- Not all Alstroemeria have striped petals.
- Alstroemeria stop producing flowers if they get too hot.
Alstroemeria is a slightly zygomorphic (bilaterally symmetrical) flower with 3 sepals and 3, generally, striped petals. The sepals and petals on the Alstroemeria are similar in colour and texture – i.e., there are no solid green sepals. Alstroemeria has six stamens and an undivided style. The ovary on the Alstroemeria is inferior, with 3 carpels. Alstroemeria features a monocot plan of having floral parts in 3s.Alstroemeria is more like grass where the veins go up the leaves but none branching across. Alstroemeria leaves are upside down. The leaf twists as it leaves the stem, so that the bottom is facing upwards.If you look at an Alstroemeria stem you can sometimes see a spiral growth pattern on the stem. This is due to the production of new cells in a spiral sequence and this is the cause of the head moving the way it does.If the soil temperature rises too high (above about 22 degrees Celsius) the Alstroemeria plant puts its effort into producing more large tuberous roots at the expense of flowering shoots. With some varieties this can lead to production of exclusively blind non-flowering stems and no flowers.Mulching in early spring is helpful.The Alstroemeria is one of my favourite garden flowers along with trumpet lilies and opium poppies.